The prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis in awi, akamkpa local government area of cross river state, nigeria

Akpan S. S and Ejezie, G. C

This study was carried out mostly on pupils and teachers of St. Theresa’s Primary School, Awi. Villagers living within the immediate vicinity of the school were also included in the study. All the participants were recruited after seeking and obtaining their consent. Urine samples were collected between 10 a.m. and 1 p.m. from a total of 418 subjects comprising 354 pupils, 24 teachers and 40 villagers. Urinalysis, to detect proteinuria and haematuria, was performed on the urine specimens on the spot, using Combi 9 urinalysis reagent strips. In the laboratory, 10 ml aliquot of each urine specimen was placed in a centrifuge tube and spun at 3,000 revolutions per minute for 5 minutes. Wet preparations were made from the sediment on clean slides and examined for eggs of Schistosoma haematobium using x 10 and x 40 objective lenses. An overall prevalence of 12.9% (9.5% in males and 16.4% in females) was recorded among the 418 subjects screened. The result showed a low prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis in Awi community. The intensity of infection was assessed using egg counts and the levels of proteinuria and haematuria. The mean egg count was 8.4 eggs per 10 ml of urine. Egg counts were generally low in positive cases. Only one male subject excreted up to 625 eggs per 10 ml of urine. Levels of proteinuria and haematuria were also low at 48.4 mg/dl and 24.6 ery/µl, respectively. This study was conducted in 1991 within the dry season between January and February. Because of the low prevalence recorded in this study, the work was not published. However, it has now been acknowledged that this work is a very important resource material, considering the proximity of the study area to Calabar, the capital of Cross River State. Moreover, many workers have reported on the prevalence of schistosomiasis (particularly urogenital) in the Northern parts of Cross River State. So far, no form of schistosomiasis has been reported in Calabar. But Awi Community lies on the outskirts of Calabar. If any of the streams found in Awi (Ebanga, Essai, Kerekere, etc.) communicates with other water bodies which drain into Calabar, it could be possible for both snail intermediate hosts and schistosome parasites to become established within the coastal areas of the capital city.

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Medical Laboratory Science
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Akpan S. S and Ejezie, G. C, 2017, The prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis in awi, akamkpa local government area of cross river state, nigeria, International Journal of Current Science and Technology, Vol.5, Issue, 5, pp. 423-426